Oracle Corp (ORCL) has adopted a foreign currency risk management strategy that seeks to offset the risks associated with fluctuations in exchange rates by utilizing foreign currency forward contracts. With an extensive international footprint, Oracle’s consolidated operations are particularly exposed to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. The hedging program helps mitigate the risk and volatility associated with foreign currency transaction gains and losses. Despite these risk mitigation efforts, there are still risks associated with the company’s outstanding and future indebtedness, negative effects on global stability due to geopolitical factors, and general economic, political, and market conditions on the company’s business.
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Oracle’s Hedging Program
Oracle’s foreign currency hedging program aims to partially offset the gains or losses associated with foreign currency exposures by entering foreign currency forward contracts. The program helps minimize risks by partially neutralizing the effects of fluctuations in foreign exchange rates on Oracle’s international operations. This measure is particularly important for the company, which relies heavily on international business dealings, fuels concerns about the risks and volatility associated with foreign currency transactions.
However, the program may not wholly offset the risks, as gains or losses could still arise in certain circumstances, such as when it is not cost-effective to hedge foreign currency exposures or when the hedging efforts prove ineffective. In addition, Oracle may temporarily suspend its foreign currency forward contract program, which exposes the company to potential currency-related losses or gains during the suspension period. The company’s ultimate realized loss or gain with respect to currency fluctuations will depend on several factors, including the size and type of cross-currency exposures, the associated exchange rates and any changes in those rates, and whether the company enters into foreign currency forward contracts.
Indebtedness Concerns and Geopolitical Factors
Some risks associated with Oracle’s outstanding and future indebtedness include the need to refinance a portion of its outstanding debt, which amounts to an aggregate of $90.5 billion as of May 31, 2023. The company’s ability to pay interest and repay principal for its indebtedness depends on several factors, including its ability to generate sufficient cash flows, manage business operations effectively, and navigate a range of external challenges discussed in the Risk Factors section of the SEC report. There is a risk that Oracle may be unable to refinance existing debt or find favorable refinancing terms, and if prevailing interest rates or other factors result in higher interest rates upon refinancing, this could increase the interest expense relating to the refinanced indebtedness.
Geopolitical factors also impact Oracle’s operability. For instance, the Russia-Ukraine war and related economic curtailment initiatives, along with evolving trade policies between the US and international trade partners, all contribute to the uncertainty or instability in economic, political, or market conditions that could adversely affect the company’s business, operating results, financial condition, and outlook.
In conclusion, Oracle’s foreign currency hedging strategy plays a crucial role in reducing short-term exchange rate risks. However, various factors could lead to losses and affect the company’s financial position and operations. Oracle must continuously address these risks and adapt its strategies to maintain a competitive advantage in an ever-changing global business environment.
Financials in millions USD. Fiscal year is June – May. source
|Year||2022||2021||2020||2019||2018||2017||2016||2015||2014||2013||2012 – 1992|
|1||Revenue Growth (YoY)||4.84%||3.61%||-1.11%||0.31%||4.21%||2.01%||-3.08%||-0.13%||2.95%||0.16%||Upgrade|
|2||Cost of Revenue||8877||7855||7938||7995||8060||7452||7479||7532||7236||7379||Upgrade|
|4||Selling, General & Admin||9364||8936||9275||9774||9715||9257||9039||8732||8605||8134||Upgrade|
|5||Research & Development||7219||6527||6067||6026||6084||6153||5787||5524||5151||4850||Upgrade|
|6||Other Operating Expenses||6054||1948||1892||2176||2260||2017||2138||2567||2524||2133||Upgrade|
|9||Interest Expense / Income||2755||2496||1995||2082||2025||1798||1467||1143||914||797||Upgrade|
|10||Other Expense / Income||522||-282||-162||-815||-1185||-565||-305||-106||141||-11||Upgrade|
|14||Net Income Growth||-51.13%||35.63%||-8.55%||208.98%||-62.05%||6.19%||-10.43%||-9.28%||0.27%||9.46%||Upgrade|
|15||Shares Outstanding (Basic)||2700||2945||3211||3634||4121||4115||4221||4404||4528||4769||Upgrade|
|16||Shares Outstanding (Diluted)||2786||3022||3294||3732||4238||4217||4305||4503||4604||4844||Upgrade|
|21||Free Cash Flow Per Share||1.86||4.67||3.60||3.55||3.31||2.94||2.96||3.00||3.17||2.85||Upgrade|
|22||Dividend Per Share||1.280||1.040||0.960||0.810||0.760||0.640||0.600||0.510||0.480||0.300||Upgrade|
|27||Free Cash Flow Margin||11.85%||33.97%||29.63%||32.63%||34.66%||32.03%||33.73%||34.50%||37.47%||36.51%||Upgrade|
|28||Effective Tax Rate||12.18%||-5.75%||15.98%||9.66%||71.13%||19.08%||22.21%||22.57%||20.06%||21.39%||Upgrade|
|31||Depreciation & Amortization||3122||2916||2968||2919||2785||2451||2509||2861||2908||2931||Upgrade|
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